The occurrence of kidney stones is common. The small stones of the size of a salt grain pass through the urine unnoticed. The size of a corn kernel can be a big problem. Let us find out more about kidney stones and kidney stone surgery.
What Are Kidney Stones?
Due to the prolonged high concentration of certain minerals and other biochemical substances in your urine, the formation of stone(s) occurs. There is no such proper reason behind the formation of kidney stones. It is concluded that when the concentration of such substances in your urine is high due to the low volume of liquid, they start to crystallize and form stones. These stones can be yellow or brown in color. It is when the stones are bigger in size and cannot be passed through urine, they inflame the kidneys.
What Causes Kidney Stones?
The prime constituents of a kidney stone are:
- Uric Acid
When the level of these minerals is higher than the required volume of fluid, there is a tendency in them to crystallize and form a small stone due to clumping. You need enough urine to wash out the small stones. If a person drinks less water, the probability of the formation of such stones increases considerably.
The other factors that decide whether a person will suffer from kidney stones are:
- Medical conditions that increase the level of such substances or reduces the formation of urine
- Family History
- Certain medications showing adverse effects
Types Of Kidney Stones
Calcium stones are the commonest forms of kidney stones. Consuming food rich with calcium or Vitamin D can escalate the formation of calcium stones.
It happens due to a particular genetic mutation. It will only happen when both your parents have the same mutated gene.
A urinary infection leads to the formation of such stones in the kidneys.
Uric Acid Stones
Eating animal protein for days and other uric-acid containing food for a long period might lead to the formation of uric acid stones inside your kidneys.
Depending on the type of kidney stones, the urologists will prescribe a particular type of kidney stone surgery.
What Are The Symptoms?
You will feel nothing if a very small kidney stone passes through urine. If you feel a sharp pain on the back just below your ribs, your lower abdomen and groin region while passing urine, you need to consult a doctor. If your urine is pinkish or reddish in color and suffering from a fever, you surely need medical attention.
What Are The Treatments?
Lithotripsy – using shock waves to break down stones and let them pass through urine naturally.
Ureteroscopy – The introduction of a flexible scope through ureter for removal of stones manually.
Kidney Stone Surgery – A small invasive procedure to remove stones by making an incision at your lower back.These are the common things one should know about kidney stones.